Saturday, September 25, 2021

Anti-Communism Ultra-Reactionary Ideology of Modern Imperialism

This article was written by A.M.Rumyanstev 
published in ‘New Age’, October-1962. We reproduce it for study.
    
    Anti-Communism is the active, ultra-reactionary ideology of modern imperialism. Moreover, it engenders a definite line of governmental and party policy effected through measures taken all along the line and reaching down to day-to-day life. Anti-communism is directed against communist ideas, and their dissemination, against socialism and communism as the new socio-economic formation. Anti-communism then seeks to combat the theory and practice of communism and, above all, opposes joint action with the Communists even where no specifically communist slogans are advanced.
        
    Anti-communism in our time comes in a multiplicity of forms. Anti-communist propaganda parasitically adapts itself to the specific interests of the various sections of the population in the capitalist countries.
        
    In this connection I believe that it is of particular importance to take into account the following three forms of anti-communism:
  1. Anti-communism as a definite act of practical politics which often takes the form of governmental policy, as, for instance, in the United States, Federal Germany and elsewhere. Here we should include also the numerous anti-communist organisations financed by the imperialist bourgeoisie.
  2. Anti-communism as a form of bourgeois ideology and a “science”. The attempts at “scientific” refutation of communism made by the “theorists” of anti-communism are closely linked with practical politics and serve its ends.
  3. The variety of anti-communism which feeds on private property relations as a kind of “social prejudice” cultivated by the imperialist bourgeoisie among the broad masses.
    Needless to say, these three basic forms of anti-communism are closely interlinked, but for all that I believe it is important to examine them separately, for this will enable us to differentiate our efforts, make them more concrete and purposeful.

    Anti-communism as such, of course, is nothing new. It is no new invention; it came into being as a reaction to the ideas of communism from the moment of their birth and in the course of their subsequent development and spread among the masses. Already in the Communist Manifesto Marx and Engels wrote that all the Powers of Old Europe had entered into holy alliance to exorcise the spectre of communism: Pope and Tsar, Metternich and Guizot, French Radicals and German police-spies.

    After the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution, anti-communism became an integral component of the official policy of many capitalist countries, a policy directed against Soviet power, against the social achievements of the working people of the USSR. In our time anti-communism casts its sinister shadow on the policy of many capitalist states, and primarily of the USA, the principal bulwark of international reaction, the world gendarme who has assumed the role of “saviour” of the historically doomed capitalist system. Anti-communism has become the ideological foundation of the cold war which imperialism is waging against the socialist camp.

    It must be noted that the influence of anti-communist policy and propaganda makes itself felt among rather considerable sections of the population of the capitalist countries, including the workers. This is understandable enough, for we know that the bourgeoisie in general is able to remain in the saddle because of a lack of political consciousness among the masses, because of the backwardness of many sections of the population and lack of organisation and unity among those sections which objectively stand to gain from social progress. Private property and private-property relations—however illusory they may be for one or another group of people—provide a favourable soil for anti-communist propaganda. Moreover, many people form their opinion of communism solely on the basis of the distorted, repulsive picture painted by its enemies.

    Besides, a corrupting ideological influence is exerted on the masses, and in particular on the working class, by reformist illusions and the hatred of communists cultivated by the Right-wing Social Democrats.

    Why has the imperialist bourgeoisie today made anti-communism its principal ideological and political weapon?

    This question can be answered correctly only by taking into account the great changes which have taken place in the world and which have determined the nature and content of our epoch, the epoch of transition from capitalism to socialism. From the socio-economic standpoint, there is a causal connection between anti-communism becoming the main ideological and political weapon of contemporary imperialism and the fact that world capitalism has entered a new—the third—stage of its general crisis.

    The general crisis of capitalism is the principal law-governed process of contemporary capitalist society. Its basic symptom is the fact that capitalism is no longer a global system, that a new, socialist system has emerged and now exists side by side with it. And whereas at the early stages of the general crisis of capitalism, the socialist system, as represented by the USSR, then in a capitalist encirclement, could not directly determine the main direction of historical development, now, at the third stage of this crisis of world capitalism, “the main content, the main trend and main features of the historic development of mankind are being determined by the world socialist system, by the forces fighting against imperialism, for the socialist reorganisation of society” (Programme of the CPSU). This is borne out by the developments of our time, by the growing popularity of socialist ideas among the masses. Capitalism, consequently, can no longer look to the future without regard to the socialist alternative.

    At the same time the laws of capitalism do not impinge on socialism. The development of socialism is determined by its own internal laws and no others. Even the danger of imperialist aggression, which exists as a factor external to socialism, does not alter the situation. Moreover, in the new conditions of today even this recourse may be denied the imperialists once and for all. For, as is correctly noted in the Programme of the CPSU—which has been recognized as the Communist Manifesto of our time by the World Communist movement as represented by the overwhelming majority of the Communist and Workers’ Parties—”imperialism has forever lost its power over the majority of mankind”.

    Capitalism long ago outlived its time as a social system capable of ensuring human progress. Knowing (or at least sensing) that capitalism is doomed, the bourgeois ideologies and politicians are doing their utmost to poison the minds of the masses, to give them a distorted picture of communism and mobilise them to resist communism and thereby retard the irresistible process of the revolutionary reorganisation of society.

    Capitalism is searching for ways to postpone its downfall. In the economic sphere, it resorts to state-monopoly forms; in the political sphere, it falls back on reaction all along the line, on the reactionary policy of the knout and gingerbread, on refined violence, deception, endless promises, yielding on inconsequential issues in order to preserve that which is crucial, as Lenin pointed out time and again when speaking of imperialist policy; in the sphere of ideology, state-monopoly capitalism gives free reign to rapid anti-communism. Moreover, all these spheres are interlinked and mutually conditioned, and, what is most important, permeated with anti-communism.

    The bourgeoisie is creating a whole series of myths inseparably connected with anti-communism with the aim of whitewashing capitalism, making it attractive to the masses, giving it, so to say, a more respectable look. This aim is served, for instance, by Galbraith’s “affluent society” theory, Rostow’s theory of social development by stages, the “technocracy” and “managerial revolution” theories developed by a number of bourgeois ideologues, etc.

    I should like to stress in this connection that anti-communism is an ideology and policy directed not only against the socialist countries, not only against communism, although this is a widespread view. Therefore we must examine it carefully, since it clearly is impossible to elaborate the correct tactics without a correct under-standing of the forces opposing our movement. Anti-Communism is not only a negative reaction to communism. It is the ideological and political smokescreen concealing the true ideological and political intentions of the monopoly bourgeoisie.

    Anti-communism is an indirect, camouflaged admission on the part of the ideologues and political leaders of the monopoly bourgeoisie that capitalism is in a bad way. At the same time it is an attempt to persuade people that the reasons for this are not inherent in the inner laws of the development of capitalism itself, but are due to an “external factor”. To exonerate the bourgeoisie of all blame for the injustices of the capitalist world and to place the responsibility at the door of the socialist countries, the monopoly bourgeoisie takes cover behind anti-communist ideology.

    The basic “axiom” of anti-communism is the big lie that the Soviet Communists are out to conquer the world. No proof is ever adduced, for there is no such proof. But repeated it is, endlessly. And many people come to believe it to one or another extent, not because it is true, but because it has been dinned into their heads. Lenin time and again pointed to this feature of bourgeois propaganda: “Lie, shout, raise a hue and cry repeat the lie over and over again” for “something is bound to sink in”.

    Slander serves as the basis for far-reaching practical conclusions justifying the armament drive, rejection of negotiations with the Communists on the ground that they are out to “conquer the world” in any case, and, above all, the persecution of all who think otherwise. Ideas become the measure of loyalty. Consequently, many prefer not to have any opinions of their own. F. Donner, an American lawyer, says in his book, The Un-Americans, that many US citizens would want to do something for peace, for instance, to join a committee for a sane nuclear policy, but they are afraid of being labelled “Communists” by the Rights, since this would have unpleasant consequences for them.

    Anti-communism is one of the insidious means of suppressing even the limited democracy and freedom existing in capitalist society. It is the midwife of fascism and of all the abominations fascism stands for. It should be borne in mind that, as is stressed in the Programme of the CPSU, “fascism begins everywhere and always with vicious anti-communism to isolate and rout the parties of the working class, to split the forces of the proletariat and defeat them piecemeal, and then to do away with all the other democratic parties and organisations and turn the people into the blind tool of the policy of the capitalist monopolies”.

    Anti-communism is directly linked with militarism and the military; under its cover the most aggressive forces of the imperialist bourgeoisie, carry on their work, hatching plans for another war, “Better non-exist than coexist”, “better dead than red”—these sinister invocations of the enemies of humanity occur more and more often in anti-communist propaganda. Needless to say, we are firmly convinced that the aggressive schemes of the present-day enemies of communism are bound to collapse. This conviction is based on the growing strength of the forces opposing anti-communism. And these forces are not only ideas. We are materialists, not idle dreamers divorced from life. Our enemies too know this and hence are compelled to moderate their claims so as not to court disaster.
    
    Nevertheless we should not underestimate the foolhardiness of the enemies of communism. Wherever fascism raises its head we encounter the false slogans of anti-communism and chauvinism, which are designed to help the capitalists create a mass basis for the fascist movement. The reactionary circles are out to make use of the unstable, crisis situation which is developing in the various capitalist countries and in the capitalist world as a whole first to intimidate the masses and then offer them “salvation”. Anti-Communism and chauvinism are the basic means of whipping up mass hysteria, the chief ideological narcotic for the people.

    Thanks to the open moral and financial support of monopoly capital, primarily US monopoly capital, 100 per cent anti-communism has become the hallmark of “respectability”, even a political “investment” throughout the capitalist world.

    Indeed, a rather paradoxical situation has developed. On the one hand, anti-communism vows loyalty to the ideas of freedom and democracy, and, on the other hand, there is no crime against democracy and humanity which they do not consider justified in the name of combating communism. Military coups, whether in South Korea or Argentina, the ruthless dictatorship in South Vietnam, the shooting down of demonstrators in Portugal or the savage suppression of strikes in Spain, the fascist terror in Algeria, the treacherous, murderous intrigues of Tshombe, the turning of South Africa into a ghetto for the indigeneous population—everything finds its advocates in the capitalist West as long as it is done in the name of anti-communism.

    Anti-communism is the enemy of the national-liberation movement, and the champion of colonialism. The imperialist bourgeoisie declare every liberation movement that undermines their domination a “communist conspiracy”. Evidently one must judge anti-communism not by the florid disquisitions of its ideologues, but by the evil deeds of its politicians. And this give us every right to brand anti-communism as the enemy of humanity.

    As the general crisis of capitalism deepens, anti-communism counter-poses itself more and more not only to communism, but in general to all contemporary liberation, progressive and democratic movements. At the same time it joins forces with the most brutal police regimes and also with ultra-reactionary political organisations such as Moral Rearmament, John Birch Society, the OAS, the “Red Hand”, etc., regarding these organisations as its neutral and most reliable allies.

    The inner logic of the development of anti-communism inevitably impels it onto the path of open reaction. Militant anti-communism in its extreme form represents the most rabid reaction, labelling as Communists or pro-Communists all who do not openly share its “crusades” against the socialist countries, against the national-liberation and working class movements. Through their ideologists like ex-general Walker and the columnist David Lawrence, they advocate sending all Communists and “suspicious” democrats to concentration camps, and demand the severing of diplomatic relation with the socialist countries and termination of all trade not only with the socialist camp but with any other country which refuses to fall in with their policies.

    But besides these anti-communist extremists, there are a good many, so to speak, “cautious anti-communists” in the ideological and political arena. In order to delude the masses of their own countries and to win over world public opinion, they pose as noble-hearted champions of democracy and progress who are deeply disturbed by the threat of “totalitarianism” and are anxious to see justice and peace prevail. While fully sharing the aims of the extreme anti-communists, the “cautious” variety, being more careful in the choice of means, have not yet fully exposed themselves in the eyes of the people everywhere, still wield considerable power and influence over the masses, and enjoy some prestige. Hence their grave danger.

    Anti-communism is an expression of the interests primarily of state-monopoly capitalism and constitutes the latter’s political and ideological weapon against the liberation movement of the masses. Consequently, the exposure of anticommunism is in separably linked with the struggle against state-monopoly capitalism and is one of the forms of that struggle.

    At the democratic stage, the liberation movement of the masses under contemporary conditions is directed against state-monopoly capitalism in the developed countries and against international imperialism in the economically backward countries. For the success of this movement, the working class must form broad democratic alliances with all working people, and also with the national and non-monopoly bourgeoisie, in order to isolate the monopoly bourgeoisie and the state machine that serves it. Exposure of anti-communism presupposes overcoming anti-communist prejudices current among some sections of the population and isolating the aggressive anti-communists.

    In the struggle against anti-communism, the Communists cannot adopt sectarian positions, for, by so doing they would merely be isolating themselves. It is necessary strictly to differentiate between the various forces opposing us, to take advantage of the contradictions in the camp of the adversary. Among the capitalist ideologists there are a good many who do not go along with the aggressive anti-communists. We must bear this in mind and adapt our tactics of struggle accordingly. At the same time it would be a mistake to regard every instance of disagreement with us—unless, of course, it affects the basic principles of our ideology and policy—as anti-communism, for, this would be vulgarizing the struggle against anti-communism and would only serve to alienate many people who as yet do not agree with us.

    At the same time, the Communists naturally cannot share the views of the revisionists and opportunists who recognise only the more virulent and extreme forms of anti-communism, such as the John Birch Society, etc. Such views lead to anti-communism being dismissed as “harmless”, would demobilize the masses and in the end bring grist to the enemy’s mill. Hence for the communist parties and the liberation movement of the working people it is as dangerous to underestimate the strength and influence of anti-communism as to overestimate them.
        The fight against anti-communism cannot be conducted under the slogan: “He who is not with us is against us!” In our days only he who is openly and blatantly against us is not with us. Our task is to persuade the masses in the course of the daily economic, political and ideological struggle that in the modern world it is impossible to fight for just demands, for peace, democracy and progress, while persecuting the communists, who always and everywhere are to be found in the front ranks of the fighters against imperialism, against the domination of the monopolies, against imperialist wars, for national liberation, for a better life for the working people, and for genuine freedom.

    Our propaganda aimed at broadening the mass democratic struggle should proceed from the premise that the struggle against anti-communism does not yet mean fighting for communism or even its recognition in any way. This was the case with the anti-fascist movement in which the Communists were in the van, and it is the same with the peace movement today. What is in question is the fight for democracy and progress, for all that which is being trampled by the imperialist bourgeoisie on the pretext of combating communism. The important thing here is to stress that anti-communism means a reactionary offensive all along the line.

    The Programme of the CPSU states: “Under cover of anti-communism, imperialist reaction persecutes and hounds all that is progressive and revolutionary; it seeks to split the ranks of the working people and to paralyze the proletarians’ will to fight. Rallied to this black banner today are all the enemies of social progress: the finance oligarchy and the military, the fascists and reactionary clericals, the colonialists and landlords, and all the ideological and political vehicles of imperialist reaction.”

    Anti-communism by its very nature cannot be anything but a system of lies and deception, slander of socialism, falsification of the policies and objectives of the communist parties, of Marxism-Leninism. As Lenin wrote, “Whenever the ideological influence of the bourgeoisie on the workers is diminished, undermined or weakened, the bourgeoisie has invariably resorted and will always resort to the most desperate lies and calumny.”

    In this sense anti-communism is the logical consummation of the inner development of bourgeois ideology and polities in the present epoch. “Anti-communism”, the Programme of the CPSU stresses, “is a reflection of the extreme decadence of bourgeois ideology.”

    The imperialist bourgeoisie in our day with Jesuitical fanaticism scorns no means however foul for the attainment of its mercenary aims. Moreover, the monstrous lies and calumny employed in anti-communist propaganda only show to what depths of moral degradation the contemporary reactionary ideologues have sunk. Hench, anti-communism, apart from everything else, must be condemned on moral grounds as well, as a fraudulent occupation unworthy of any honest person.
    It goes without saying that moral indignation alone, important though it is, is not enough. The Communists are waging an active fight—both ideological and political —to expose anti-communist fabrications and this fight is yielding tangible results. More and more working people in the capitalist countries are ceasing to pay heed to the hysterical cries of the anti-communists, their vile slander of the Soviet Union and the other socialist countries, slander of their policy of peaceful coexistence and peaceful competition, of the aims of the Communist Parties, of Marxism -Leninism. Life itself is rejecting one by one all the figments of the anti-Communist imagination.

    Symptomatic in this connection is the fact that today, after the epoch-making technical and scientific achievements of the socialist countries, and primarily of the USSR, the indisputable superiority of socialism in economic and scientific development has forced the anti-Communists to shift their propaganda sights over to the sphere of ideology. In his pamphlet on “What Communism Means to Americans”, Nixon states frankly that in his opinion the outcome of the contest between the two systems will most likely be decided not in the military, economic or scientific fields, although they too are important. It is mainly a contest of ideas, he declares.
    
    Of course, it would be a fine thing if not only in propaganda but in politics as well the opponents of communism were to abandon all forms of struggle other than the struggle of ideas. This would correspond to our understanding of peaceful coexistence of States with differing social systems. The outcome of the struggle is clear. The forces of communism are inexhaustible and its ideas are invincible inasmuch as they scientifically delineate the future of mankind.

    The fact that the capitalist system has no future inevitably defeats any ideological and political apologia, any active, defence of capitalism. The successes of socialism and communism are constantly refuting the “arguments” of the anti-communists, proving their utter groundlessness.
        The objective socio-historical process is accelerated by subjective factors, and particularly by the active ideological and political offensive against anti-communism.
        It would, however, be wrong to conclude that it will decline in step with the decline of capitalism and eventually give up the ghost. Even the achievement of Communist abundance by the socialist countries will not lead to the automatic collapse of anti-communism; to defeat it ideologically and politically, it is necessary to act, to fight the poison of anti-communist ideas and the anti-communist actions engineered by the reactionaries.

    We are naturally confident that we shall win in this struggle, that the ideas of communism will triumph. But I believe we will all agree that the struggle is not an easy one. We will have to exert much effort to develop that struggle and to make our influence among the masses increasingly effective. For anti-communism today, although it does not eschew the crudest forms, is nevertheless becoming more and more ingenious and flexible, more and more “scientific”. Moreover, it seizes upon our slightest short-comings and mistakes to discredit the theory and practice of the Communist movement, as for instance, in the case of the personality cult.
    Hence the achievement of complete and final victory over anti-communism, its removal once and for all from the arsenal of ideological and political weapons with which the imperialist bourgeoisie continues to bamboozle the masses in the capitalist countries, depends first and foremost on how consistently we ourselves, in theory and practice, pursue the Leninist line, which was developed and elaborated at the Twentieth and Twenty second Congresses and in the Programme of the CPSU. The more exacting we are of ourselves, the more jealously we guard the purity of Marxism-Leninism against revisionist and dogmatist distortions, and the more solid the indestructible unity of our ranks, the more successful will be our struggle against anti-communism and the closer will be final victory over it.

    In combating anti-communism, we should not limit ourselves to mere repetition of truths already known. Of course, this, too, must be done in order to uphold these truths against anti-Communist distortion and falsification. However, our struggle must be based on the creative development of Marxism-Leninism, we must be able to make timely and profound appraisals of the new facts and developments in this dynamic world of ours.

    Anti-communism can be overcome by the coordinated efforts of the various detachments of the international communist movement —taking into account the concrete situation in each country and the responsibility each detachment bears for the future of the cause of revolutionary transformation of society—through political and ideological work and dissemination of the truth about communism.

    It is clear to us that joint responsibility of the Communists and their concerted action on an international scale derive from the character of the working class movement, the position of the proletariat in capitalist society, the liberating mission of the working class, and the need for joint struggle against the international front of capital. Life itself dictated the great and ever vital call for unity: “Workers of all 
    
    In our time, the joint responsibility of the Communists and the need for agreed actions led to the adoption of joint documents continuing and developing the ideas of the Communist Manifesto in the light of the changed balance of forces, on both the international and national scale.

    Such documents are the Declaration of 1957 and the Statement of the 1960 meeting of the representatives of the Communist and Workers’ Parties. The message of these documents is that the success of the agreed actions of the Communists aimed at the reorganisation of society depends on the unity of the international Communist movement. We are in duty bound to cherish and strengthen that unity in every way.

    The documents of the international conference of Communists are for us a guide to action—creative action conforming to the concrete conditions and always directed towards the grand common goal—communism.

    These documents are a guide for us also in solving questions of principle, including the question we have been discussing here—the defeat of anti-communism. The 1960 Statement says: “Effectively to defend the interests of the working people, maintain peace and realise the socialist ideals of the working class, a resolute struggle must be waged against anti-communism—that poison weapon which the bourgeoisie uses to fence off the masses from socialism.”
        By cementing the unity of our ranks we shall achieve further successes in this struggle.

    The achievements of the socialist world system (economic, political and cultural) give the lie to anti-communism. Socialist reality is stronger than all the bourgeois myths about communism. Extensive ideological work is an important means of combating anti-communism. But it is not enough. Practical political actions by the Communists in the various countries of the capitalist world are imperative. The triumph of the ideas of communism on all continents and in all countries depends, in the final analysis, on the efficacy of each and every aspect of this work.

    The fight against anti-communism is a struggle for peace for democracy, for the freedom of peoples and individual freedom, for conditions of life truly worthy of man. It is to this that the Communists dedicate all their efforts.

    One more point in this connection. In combating anti-communism, it is highly important to take due note of its specific features. It is a purely negative phenomenon, a mere negation of communism. It has no programme of its own which differs from the programme of the aggressive imperialists. Hence the anti-communist lies cannot be successfully refuted unless the fight against them is linked with the democratic struggle generally. There can be no separate fight against anti-communism unrelated to the broad antimonopoly actions of the masses, and actions aimed at the reorganisation of society.... The very nature of anti-communism and its link with state-monopoly capitalism make it clear that the fight against it is only part—true, a very important part—of the general democratic anti-imperialist struggle. Anti-communism can be eradicated only if the struggle against it is closely bound up with the struggle against the monopoly oligarchy.

Saturday, August 21, 2021

Situation after US Imperialist Army’s Retreat and Taliban Taking Control of the Country

The American retreat from Afghanistan has once more proved that only the knave would underestimate Afghan people’s history of resistance against foreign aggressors. British tried three times, all ended into defeat. British aggressors after each failure abused Afghans as ‘villaneous lot’, ‘fanatics’, ‘fiends in human form’ and what not. Without such abuses it’s difficult for a so-called ‘civilised’ people to swallow defeat in the hands of the people of a backward people divided into a number of different tribes. 

But those were old stories. More recent are the Russian superpower facing humiliating defeat. By that time Russians lost their superpower status.

The US imperialists stepped in through their proxies. But some of the forces whom they armed to the teeth went out of control. Of them two were important - Taliban and Al-Qaida. Starting as a fringe force of madrassa students (Talibs) the Talibans spread all over Afghanistan within a short time. 

Russians left in 1989. The USA felt no one was there to stop them. But by 1996 they had to retreat. Talibans took the seat of power. Only to be thrown out of power by 2001 by massive bombing by the USA. The USA and its proxies had been facing a jigsaw war the day they took over power. 

There are a few important questions to be answered. 

1.    Why is Afghanistan so important to the world? From the time of British rule in India this territory has been the gateway to the Middle East. Bordering with Pakistan, India, China, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Iran it is of immense geo-strategic as well as geo-political importance. Specially when Middle East has turned to a hot spot.

2.    Are the situations when Soviet forces entered Afghanistan, then had to retreat, the US intervention after 1989, US occupation through proxies from 2001, and present US retreat in 2021 same? Can it be so simplistically put that the USA needed four Presidents, nearly 2.6 trillions of dollars and thousands of US Army killed to replace Talibans with Talibans?  No. When the then Soviet forces it was a superpower with an aggressive geo-strategic aim. When they left it was in deep economic and crisis only to collapse within two years. In 1989 the US stepped in but the Afghan nationalistic forces who Am the USA itself armed were in high spirit. Moreover they had overextended to Iraq. But in 2021 the US was in a position when they could dictate terms to the world. They said a Global War on Terror, immediately its NATO allies, Russia, China echoed ‘...War on Terror’. The USA cried “War between Two Civilisations” except the Islamic countries world nodded. Such was the position the USA held then. But now in2021 the USA is facing grave challenge from China  and Russia, NATO allies are no more so trusted followers as in the past. So US presidents - both Trump and Biden - felt it wiser not to carry on adventures, specially crossing the South China Sea.

3.    Is the Taliban of 2001 is being replace by the same Taliban? Here too the situation is different. The Taliban which wrested power in Kabul was a politically knave lot, only strength being youth taking arms in the name of Islam. Moreover they had to face armed oppositions backed by the then USA who had been on killing spree. Their rule was on the one hand attempt to unite other forces. But what they carried on in the name of Islam was complete mayhem. Killing any adversary, flogging for nothing, keeping women under hour arrest by not allowing them to go to school or office or moving in public places. Now the US, albeit for the time being is not in a position to arming the adversaries inside the country in the form of Northern Alliance who are present only in a corner. Just after overrunning Kabul they 

a)    Appealed to all their neighbours as well as Russia, USA and others to maintain friendly relationship;

b)    Working hard to build an alliance with other forces to install a coalition government; 

c)    Have announced blanket amnesty to all officials who worked for the imperialists and their cohorts in Afghanistan and asked them to return to their respective offices under the new government;

d)    Have asked the army men who were fighting for the erstwhile government to return and join the army under the new government without any fear of retaliation;

e)    Have assured women to return to their schools and offices and to move freely; 

f)     Have even assured sportspersons including cricketers that earlier also their government helped sports, cricket and football to develop, this time the policy would be to develop sports.

 So this is a defeat of the US imperialists which even more than 70% of the people of the USA itself are welcoming. True imperialists would not take this defeat by retiring. To them geostrategic importance had been, was and will be there. So they will try to plot their come back. Already they have started propaganda against Taliban. But everyday they are being proved to be wrong. 

Now they have started propagating the assurances of Talibans are only tactical. Some are calling it to be deceptive. Whether the moves of Taliban are deceptive or tactical, the people of the world are willing to “give peace a chance”. Even if it be tactical move let us welcome it since strategy of the people is to support the forces against imperialism. Rather let us oppose the tactics of the imperialists to kill the people of Afghanistan by disallowing their rightful assistance of 450 billion SDR from the IMF.

Welcome the defeat of the US imperialists in Afghanistan. Long live the struggle of the people of Afghanistan. Be cautious of Taliban rule and their also reactionary ideology. So Afghan people equip to reaction rule of Taliban people for real democracy. 

 

With Revolutionary Greetings

Viswam

General Secretary,

Central Committee, CPI (ML)

 

22-08-2021


Saturday, July 31, 2021

RED SALUTES TO COMRADE MADHU! A COMMITTED COMRADE OF REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT



Dear Friends,

    Comrade Madhu, a secretariat member of CPI (M.L.) Central Committee, editor of ‘Class Struggle’, left us on the early morning of April, 16th 2021. He breathed his last by leaving the task of organizing revolutionary movement and its achievement to his fellow comrades. As it was corona infected time, the funeral of Com. Madhu was conducted in Vijayawada, to which several comrades were not able to attend. Innumerable colleagues, friends, activists, and leaders of different revolutionary organizations throughout the country grieved over his death and sent condolence messages.

    Comrade Madhu was born in a Vaishnava family. The native place of Comrade Madhu was Rangapuram village in Vangur mandal near Kalwakurthy in Mahabuubnagar district of Telangana. His original name was Srinivasachaaryulu and the surname was Mariganti. He lost his mother in his second year. Though his family belonged to a scholarly Brahmin community, the childhood of Madhu was spent in utter poverty. With great difficulty he completed his elementary education in Rangapuram and high school education in Kalwakurthy. After PUC and Degree, he completed Law course in Osmania University. During his educational career he used to do some petty jobs for his livelihood.  As a student he participated in student and literary movements and was influenced by Marxist ideology. By taking part in the students’ movements which accept Marxism as the world outlook he developed a special interest in literature. He played an important role in consolidating all the progressives into a forum and started ‘Yuvajana Sahithi’ in Kalwakurthy. He worked as the editor of ‘Prabhatha Geethi’, a youth manuscript magazine. His articles in that magazine represent his anger towards the system prevalent in the country. His role was important in publishing an anthology of progressive short stories, ‘Gaddi Puulu’ (Flowers of Grass) in 1964. He took active part in Visakha Steel Movement in 1966.

    It was a turbulent time throughout the world with movements of students and Visakha Steel Movement and at the national level several other mass movements, the surprising election results of 1961, Naxalbari Peasant Movement surrounded the youth and student world. In this background Comrade Madhu selected a revolutionary life to liberate the masses and to mingle with the masses instead of selecting an individual professional career. So he broke his relation with his family bondage and became close to communists and organization of revolutionary movement.

IN ORGANISING THE REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT

    Comrade Madhu became an activist in Hyderabad city at a time when communist revolutionaries under the leadership of Comrades Tarimela Nagireddy, Devulapalli Venkateswararao, Chandra Pulla Reddy, Kolla Venkayya started their activities in consolidating the organization after separating from CPI (M). They stood firmly on revolutionary mass line as against the annihilation of class enemy line of Comrade Charu Majumdar. It was a time when the Congress rulers oppressed the masses as they failed to solve the problems of the people in the midst of political and economic crisis. The leaders and activists of revolutionary movement marched forward by fighting against the repression let loose by the government. After arresting Comrade TN and DV in Madras the government foisted Hyderabad Conspiracy Case (Nagireddy Conspiracy Case) on 68 revolutionaries. In that critical situation Comrade Madhu took the responsibility of being the APRCC secretary of twin cities. He took the leadership role in developing relations with students and literary circles and built students’ organization as well as Navodaya literary and cultural organization and its organ ‘Jeeva Naadi.’ He was a part and parcel of the underground work in the plain area as a member of its regional committee headed by Comrade Neelam Ramachandraiah. The members of this committee are Comrades NR, Madhu, Yanala Malla Reddy, Ulligaddala Veeranna and Patharla Nagaiah.

GUIDING THE REVOLUTIONARY LITERARY FIELD

The annihilation of class enemy line, which came to the forefront among the revolutionaries after the Naxalbari Peasant Revolt, has spread to the literary sector also. It was the time when revisionist practice resulted in inactivity in different sectors. Breaking this inactivity prominent literary figures stood by the revolutionary line. In this situation different lines came to the forefront. Comrade Madhu in this context prepared a document ‘Cultural Revolution and Our Tasks’ as a guidance to revolutionary literary movement. Long before this in 1970 he wrote and published a critical review on a Telugu anthology of poems, ‘Thiragabadu Kavulu’ (Poets of Revolt). He proposed in his document the correct line to be followed by the revolutionary literary and cultural organization.

IN BUILDING THE REVOLUTIOARY POLITICAL THEORY……

    At present in India the revolutionary movement is in a crisis and has several ups and downs. We are facing severe hindrances in supporting the mass line in revolutionary theoretical and practical sectors. Along with it, it became very difficult to consolidate the oppressed masses in the path of revolutionary movement and to maintain the mass movement for a long term.

    Because of these hindrances, it became impossible for the unity of revolutionary forces and organizations. The lessons and experiences of the world communist movement and of Telangana (1946-1951), of Naxalbari (1969) teach us that only by the growth of mass consciousness and by growing in to a strong force we can defeat the institutionalized exploiting forms and the exploitation of the ruling classes. On different occasions, when we faced left adventurism and right reactionary lines preventing the unity of revolutionary movement, at the time of 1971 split, and during 76 split after the death of Comrade TN, in the split of Comrade DV, Comrade Madhu along with colleagues of his stature stood by the theoretical commitment for revolutionary politics. He played a primary role in 1989 in the unity process    of communist revolutionaries after reviewing on the basis of our experiences in the organizational conference of UCCRI (M.L.). He played a considerable role in the formation of CPI (M.L.) Janasakthi. After that he helped the unity process with New Initiative, COI (M.L.) and CPIU(M.L.) by not deviating from the basic theoretical and political understanding. He helped for the spreading of revolutionary movement, for the unity of revolutionaries throughout the country and was in the responsibility of central leadership in the central committee right from 1976 to his last breath on April 16, 2021.

    Comrade Madhu involved in the movement from 1960s with a strong belief that the only solution to the liberation of the masses and for the progress of India is the building of revolutionary movement. CPI (M.L.) pays tribute to Comrade Madhu who lived to the last by considering the movement as his breath, revolution as his profession and Marxism, Leninism, Mao Thought as his scientific weapon. Within a year CPI (M.L.) lost several valuable comrades like Comrade Jaswanth. Recently several other comrades died while working in the revolutionary movement. We salute all of them.

    Under the rule of feudal and big bourgeoisie for the last 75 years the plight of the people of India is degrading day by day. The big bourgeois and feudal classes are mortgaging all the resources to their imperialist lords. BJP is working with the aim of converting India into a Hindu state. It is protecting the capitalist economy, feudal culture and tradition to achieve its goal. It is totally destroying the rights of the people. It is suppressing the agitations of people by enacting acts against peasants and by using UAPA, sedition act etc. It is using politically cheap tactics like dividing people in the name of caste, religion, region etc. So this critical situation demands the unification of revolutionary masses. It is painful that we lose comrades who have to play an important role in fulfilling this task. Though comrades of new generation are filled with grief this gap is to be filled by them. We pay real tributes to Comrade Madhu and Comrade Jaswanth by accepting this responsibility.

    In the month of July Comrades Tarimela Nagireddy, Comrade Devulapalli Venkateswararao and Comrade Charu Majumdar became martyrs. They are representatives of two different lines of revolution. Though there was serious protests and criticism on their lines, we pay our tributes to them also considering their dedication to the task of liberation of the masses of India from exploitation and repression. Our real tributes to all the martyrs will be to achieve unity among the revolutionaries

LET US GIRD UP OUR LIONS TO FULFIL THE TASKS LEFT TO US BY MARTYRS!

REVOLUTIONARY JOHARS TO MARTYRS!!

                With Revolutionary Greetings

CENTRAL COMMITTEE, 

CPI(ML)


Saturday, May 22, 2021

Peace loving, democratic forces across the world are reverberating support to Palestine

Palestine-Israel :
    American imperialists have been plotting to religiously split Palestine prior to 1948. In 1948, the United States proposed and approved a resolution at the United Nations declaring 55 percent of the territory to Israel. The city of Jerusalem was granted special status. Palestine was confined to the Gaza and West Bank territories and walled off to separate the Palestinian people from the outside world.

    In 1967 the Golan Heights, the important land of agriculture, was occupied by a six-day war. After the war, Israel became the favorite child of America. But the Palestinian people did not succumb to the imperialist conspiracies. Muslim, Jewish, Christian, and all sorts of religious sectarianism have degraded the self-esteem of the Palestinian people. American imperialism hasn’t clogged there, branded people of Palestine as Muslim terrorists, constantly attacking and terrorizing them. As per Israel’s usual game, on the 12th of this month it bombed the Muslim Brotherhood during the Ramajan celebrations in the Gaza Strip. The pro-American and pro-corporate media in some European countries sang the same old song, calling them Muslim terrorists.

    Israel deployed troops along the West Bank border, killing more than two hundred adults and children. It demolished Palestinian offices and hospitals located in high-rise buildings. It attacked the Gaza Strip and attempted to kill more than two lakh Palestinians. The U.S., which supplies bombs and warplanes to Israel, has been obstructing peace between Palestine and Israel.

    Peace loving democratic forces around the world condemned and despised this escalation. They extended their support to Palestinian people. The intellectuals of India responded with utmost responsibility. The Indonesian communists, leftists and other democratic organizations reacted very strongly. Similar responses also seen in Arab countries. Democratic forces in Israel have condemned Israeli actions.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan :
    The United Nations Security Council met on Sunday, May 16th. Al Jazeera media house wrote that UN could not reach a consensus to cease the violence. China, however, has criticized the Security Council for stalling peace negotiations at every stage. It is reported that Foreign ministers of Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Egypt expressed their dissent to the US Secretary of State. Turkish President Erdogan has strongly condemned the Israeli aggression.

    He said , “As long as the people of the world and the nations across the world do not show strong solidarity with the Palestinian cause, the aggression of Israel won’t stop and will continue, impose restrictions on Israel and punish it,”. Human rights groups along with Amnesty International appealed to the International Criminal Court (ICC) to investigate Israel’s attack on high rise towers in the Palestinian territory which constitute Al Jazeera and the Associated Press office. He said this is the culmination of Israel’s brutal attack on journalism. He said Israel’s dreams of not presenting the facts to the people of the world with these attacks would not come true. Israel is attacking and targeting refugee camps and power plants of Palestine.

Palestine prime minister :
    Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammed Shtayyeh has called on the world to just not give statements but to take action against Israel. The Prime Minister called on the United Nations to declare Israel’s escalation and attacks on Palestine illegal. The prime minister demanded that the United States immediately suspend the foreign aid to Israel and demanded that the ambassadors of the countries to Israel be withdrawn and terminate trade relations. He called on the world to condemn the human rights abuse and to condemn Israel’s inhumane treatment depriving the innocent children of their glorious future. He called for the immediate revocation of the American renewal license granted to Israel for killing Palestinians. The U.S. has relocated its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem amid criticism of Israel’s permanent structures in the West Bank and Gaza Strip to legalize the occupation of Golan Heights. US stopped funds for education and medical care for Palestine. At the same time, Israel continues to receive $ 300 billion a year in funding from US. The U.S. has been using Israel and creating civil wars and combats in the Middle East and maintaining its authority over crude oil, established a naval base in Bahrain, waging wars on Yemen, Iran and Syria for transportation of crude oil in the Suez Gulf Sea. He appealed to the nations across the world to unleash Israeli aggression, which has so far occupied at least 90 percent of Palestinian territory with the backing of imperialist America and caused deaths of millions of Palestinians and displacement of tens of millions of Palestinians.

In front of the US embassy in Indonesia :
    Pro-Palestinian protesters protest in front of the U.S. embassy in the Indonesian capital, demanding an end to Israeli airstrikes in the Gaza Strip. Hundreds of Indonesians carried Indonesian and Palestinian flags and marched on main streets in Jakarta under the slogan “Palestinian Freedom” as more than 1,000 police tried to stop the protest. Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim majority country, has no official diplomatic relations with Israel and does not even have an Israeli embassy. The protest was led by the United Indonesia, Muslim student action group, chanting “Freedom for Palestine”. Placards were carried in protest of the airstrikes in Gaza. They condemned US support for Israel. Another group organized by the Confederation of Indonesian Trade Unions held a rally a few hundred meters from the US embassy. They chanted slogans “Save the Palestinians”. Muslim-majority countries in Southeast Asia have called for an urgent meeting to ensure the safety and security of their citizens. The airstrikes killed at least 212 Palestinians in a week. Of these, 61 were children and 36 were women. More than 1,400 people were injured, the Gaza health ministry said.

Indian intellectuals’ statement :
    The statement of eleven intellectuals collective who aspire harmony, aspire a democratic system in the country and who are striving for human values is welcome.

    1) Aijaz Ahmed, 2) Arundhati Roy, 3) GithaHariharan, 4) Mohammad Yusuf Tarigami, 5) Naseeruddin Shah, 6) Nayantara Sehgal, 7) Prabhat Patnaik 8) Ratnapathak 9) Subhashini Ali, 10) Sudhanve Deshpande, 11) Vijaya Prasad, Scholars from various fields extended their solidarity and said “We stand with Palestine”

    “Palestinians in Gaza fired rockets at Israel. The rockets did not start or define the brutality that followed. The rockets came as part of a resistance — backed by international law — of an illegal occupation”. The collective emphasized they stand with the Palestinians, stand with the right to a homeland, their right to return to their home, and their right to resist the occupation.

General Strike in Palestine - Global Workers’ Solidarity :
   Palestinian women chanted slogans against Israel in the West Bank city of Ramallah; Ten thousand have joined the strike in protest of the bombing of Gaza. The trade unions, the postal union, and the global trade union took part in anti-Israel demonstrations. Decades later, Palestinians living in Israel opened up against Israel aggression, supporting the decision to impose restrictions and punish the Israeli government.

    Many countries and people across nations have expressed Palestinian resistance as just in the face of Israel’s inhumane war on Palestine;

    On May 10 solidarity protest and rally was organized in New York City. Declarations and mobilisations carried out by organisations from Ireland to Iraq in support of Palestine. They declared that the demonstrations would continue until Saturday, when Palestinians commemorate Naqba (Catastrophe) Day.

Normalcy between Palestine and Israel :
    Many countries in the Arab-Maghreb region, Morocco, UAE, Bahrain and Sudan, want to exchange normalcy in financial issues. Efforts were made to achieve this through aggressive American lobbying. These efforts hampered the strengthening of US-Israeli ties. Recently a number of organizations have staged demonstrations condemning the Zionist criminal actions of Israel and were in support of the Palestinian people in the region. These protests have been very influential. On May 11, the Left parties made an important statement.

    In the statement, they expressed their support to the Palestinian people and condemned the US Zionist “deal of the century” which has attempted to advance the full occupation of Jerusalem with support of many Arab countries.

They call on to support the legitimate resistance of the Palestinian people and reject Zionist policies of “ethnic cleansing, home demolitions, land theft and sacrilege.” They also call on to confront the recent shifts of normalisation and complicity of the Arab reactionary governments and their interference in Palestinian affairs in favor of the occupation.”

In addition to this statement, many organizations took to the streets to show their support.

Demonstrations took place in Moroccan cities (Casablanca, Rabat, Tangiers) in defiance of the reactionary government.

In Tunisia, the Workers’ Party, along with other progressive forces, condemned Israel and staged demonstrations in support of Palestine.

In Kuwait, people and progressive forces came on to the streets. In Sudan, people protested in solidarity to Palestine.

Latin American peoples movements, organisations and revolutionary governments condemned the attacks
    The Landless Rural Workers’ Movement (MST) of Brazil released a statement on May 11th wherein they pointed out that “It is not a war, as there is only one army, that of Israel! It is a massacre, which has been perpetrated against the Palestinian people for more than 70 years!” The movement called for an end to “Israel’s extermination policy” and demanded that Israel be tried for crimes against humanity. The MST express solidarity “with the Palestinian People’s struggle for a Free Palestine, with Jerusalem as its capital!”

    Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez has strongly condemned Israel for its indiscriminate bombings on the Palestinian people. He condemned the permanent support of US in these crimes. The Venezuelan Foreign Ministry reiterated that they stand with the Palestinian people for their sovereignty, independence and self-determination. Following the cruel attacks by Israel demanded an end to this new isolation and new phase of Zionist violence on Palestinian people.

    Socialist Cuba and Venezuela have provided concrete support to the Palestinian cause and people, opening their doors to hundreds of Palestinian students so that they can train in medicine and return to the region to help serve the people. 

    The Dwellers Movement of South Africa in Africa said, “The blood of the Palestinians is our blood, and their pain is our pain. We have experience of colonial dispossession and oppression – and of apartheid and understand the suffering and struggle of the Palestinian people. Our past makes us understand our present as a teacher”. The Socialist Revolutionary Workers Party and the Communist Party of Kenya expressed their solidarity. Protests were held in Johannesburg in solidarity with the Palestinian people.

    Demonstrations in solidarity with the Palestinians in the United States show that despite American politicians’ support for Israel’s atrocities, this will not last long. Massive protests took place on May 11th in several American cities, including New York, Washington DC, Los Angeles, and Chicago. Significant News organizations have strongly criticized the United States for not only providing billions of dollars in military aid to Israel, but also its unwavering political support and continuing pro-Israel atrocities against the Palestinians.

    Organizations such as the European Left Party, Ireland’s Sinn Fein and Progressive Movements have condemned Israel’s attacks on the Palestinian people in Gaza across Europe.

    Port workers in Livorno, Italy, refused to ship cargo to Israel on ships which they thought could be carrying weapons.

Solidarity from Sports Persons :
    Sports persons from Italy, Germany and players from Ireland, players from soccer fields Pogba, his teammates and Bangladeshi cricketer Mustafizur and others have all extended their support and appealed for solidarity for Palestine. 


From Class Struggle

Anti-Communism Ultra-Reactionary Ideology of Modern Imperialism

This article was written by A.M.Rumyanstev  published in ‘New Age’, October-1962. We reproduce it for study.           Anti-Communism is t...